Top 10 DRDO Future Projects for Indian Armed Forces
Top 10 DRDO Future Projects
The Defence Research and Development organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military’s research and development, headquartered in New Delhi, India.
With a network of 52 laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems, DRDO is India’s largest and most diverse research organisation.
Now we are going to see top 10 DRDO future Projects for Indian Armed Forces :
1. Aeronautics :
DRDO Aeronautics Department is now developing five main Projects.
- Light Combat Aircraft (LCA).
- Sukhoi Su-30MKI Programme.
- MiG-27 and Sepecat Jaguar combat aircraft.
- HAL AMCA fifth generation aircraft.
- Avatar (spacecraft).
1. Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) :
The DRDO is responsible for the ongoing Light Combat Aircraft (HAL Tejas). The LCA is intended to provide the Indian Air Force with a modern, fly by wire, multi-role fighter, as well as develop the aviation industry in India. The LCA programme has allowed DRDO to progress substantially in the fields of avionics, flight control systems, aircraft propulsion and composite structures, along with aircraft design and development.
2. Sukhoi Su-30MKI Programme :
The DRDO provided key avionics for the Sukhoi Su-30MKI programme under the “Vetrivel” programme. Systems developed by DRDO include radar warning receivers, radar and display computers. DRDO’s radar computers, manufactured by HAL are also being fitted into Malaysian Su-30s.
3. MiG-27 and Sepecat Jaguar combat aircraft :
The DRDO is part of the Indian Air Force’s upgrade programmes for its MiG-27 and Sepecat Jaguar combat aircraft, along with the manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. DRDO and HAL have been responsible for the system design and integration of these upgrades, which combine ingenuously developed systems along with imported ones. DRDO contributed subsystems like the Tarang radar warning receiver, Tempest jammer, core avionics computers, brake parachutes, cockpit instrumentation and displays.
4. HAL AMCA Fifth Generation Aircraft :
HAL AMCA : Aeronautical Development Agency of DRDO is responsible for the design and development of the fifth generation aircraft. In 2015, 700 ADA employees were working on the project along with 2,000 employees of DRDO.
5. Avatar (Spacecraft) :
Avatar (Spacecraft) is a concept study for a unmanned single-stage reusable space plane capable of horizontal takeoff and landing, by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation. The mission concept is for low cost military and commercial satellite space launches.
2. DRDO Unmanned Aerial Vehicles :
The DRDO has also developed two unmanned aerial vehicles
- Nishant tactical UAV.
- Lakshya (Target) Pilotless Target Aircraft.
1. Nishant tactical UAV :
The DRDO Nishant was an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) developed by India’s ADE (Aeronautical Development Establishment), a branch of DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) for the Indian Armed Forces. The Nishant UAV is primarily tasked with intelligence gathering over enemy territory and also for reconnaissance, training, surveillance, target designation, artillery fire correction, damage assessment, ELINT and SIGINT. The UAV has an endurance of four hours and thirty minutes. Nishant has completed development phase and user trials.
2. Lakshya (Target) Pilotless Target Aircraft :
Lakshya is an Indian remotely piloted high speed target drone system developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) of DRDO. A variant Lakshya-1 is used to perform discreet aerial reconnaissance of battlefield and target acquisition.
3.Chemical Kit for Detection of Explosives (CKDE):
A compact, low-cost and handy explosive detection kit has been designed and perfected for field detection of traces of explosives. The kit yields a colour reaction, based on which explosives can be detected in minutes. It is used for identification of all common military, civil and home-made explosive compositions, and is being used by Police and BSF for the detection of explosives.
4. Explosive Detection Kit (EDK) :
In what has been termed a “reverse technology transfer”, the Explosive Detection Kit widely used in India by bomb detection squads and the armed forces since 2002, would be manufactured and sold in the US. The kit uses reagents to detect various chemicals present in explosives.
5. Indian CL-20 explosive :
A new high explosive is in the making at a DRDO lab that could replace other standard explosives of the armed forces such as RDX, HMX, FOX-7 and Amorphous Boron.
Scientists at the Pune-based High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) have already synthesised an adequate quantity of CL-20, the new explosive, in their laboratory.
The compound, ‘Indian CL-20’ or ‘ICL-20’, was indigenously developed in HEMRL using inverse technology. CL-20 is a Nitramine class of explosive 15 times as powerful as HMX.
HMX itself is more than four times as potent as RDX. CL-20-based Shaped Charges significantly improve the penetration of armour and could potentially be used in the bomb for the 120-mm main gun mounted on the MBT Arjun tanks.
The CL-20, due to its reduced sensitivity enables easy handling and transportation and reduces the chances of mishap and loss to men, money, materials and machines.
6. Artillery Systems DRDO :
New Long Range Tactical Rocket System MBRLS:
With the succes of Pinaka Multi barrel rocket Launcher DRDO now moving to the new long-range tactical rocket system (not yet named publicly).The new system could able to strike at a range if 100-120 km and carry payload up to 250 kg. The new MBRS’s rocket will have a maximum speed of 4.7 mach and will rise to an altitude of 40 km, before hitting its target at 1.8 mach.
51 mm Lightweight Infantry Platoon Mortar for the Indian Army :
DRDO developed a man portable weapon the 51 mm mortar that has double range that of previous 2-inch (51 mm) mortar but with same weight.The weapon is under production at ordnance Factories.
7. Tanks and Tanks Armaments by DRDO :
Future IFV “Abhay” :
DRDO is in the process to develop Future IFV ,The Abhay.
Tank EX :
A project to mount Arjun’s turret on a T-72 chassis to combine high fire-power with a low silhouette. This is a DRDO initiative and not a specific Army demand.
Armoured vehicle for Paramilitary forces :
A wheeled armoured vehicle, has armoured glass windows and firing ports, as well as provision for heavier calibre small arms, and crowd control equipment. Currently at prototype stage.
Self-Propelled Mine Burier :
It is an automated mine laying system developed on a high mobility vehicle and is currently in trials. The Counter-Mine flail, is a vehicle built upon the T-72 chassis and has a series of fast moving flails to destroy mines. A prototype has been displayed.
8. Electronics and Computer Sciences by DRDO :
- Electronic Warfare System Sauhard: is under development by DRDO for Indian Army
- Divya Drishti :The new ESM Project for Indian AirForce that will be able to intercept a range of radio frequency emissions like radar, navigational, communication or electronic countermeasure signals.
- BEL Weapon Locating Radar
- Active Phased Array Radar
- Synthethic aperture radar & inverse synthetic aperture radar
- Airborne Warning and Control
- Medium Range Battlefield Surveillance Radar
- 3D Medium Power Radar
- 3D Tactical Control Radar
9. LASTEC(Laser Science & technology Centre) by DRDO :
DRDO is working on a slew of directed energy weapons (DEWS). LASTEC has identified DEWs, along with space security, cyber-security and hypersonic vehicles as focus areas in the next 15 years. The aim is to develop laser-based weapons, deployed on airborne as well as seaborne platforms, which can intercept missiles soon after they are launched towards India in the boost phase itself. These will be part of the ballistic missile defence system being currently developed by DRDO.
LASTEC is also working on a vehicle-mounted gas dynamic laser-based DEW system, under project Aditya, which should be ready in three years. Project Aditya is a technology demonstrator to prove beam control technology.Solid Stage lasers would be used.The LASTEC Projects include
- Hand-held laser dazzler to disorient adversaries, without collateral damage. 50-metre range.Status: Ready
- Crowd-control dazzlers mounted on vehicles to dispel rioting mobs. 250-metre range.Status: Will take 2 more years.
- Laser-based ordnance disposal system, which can be used to neutralise IEDs and other explosives from a distance.Status: Trials begin in 18 months.
- Air defence dazzlers to take on enemy aircraft and helicopters at range of 10 km.Status: Will take 2 more years.
- 25-kilowatt laser systems to destroy missiles during their terminal phase at range of 5 to 7 km.Status: Will take 5 more years.
- At least 100-kilowatt solid-state laser systems, mounted on aircraft and ships, to destroy missiles in their boost phase itself.Status: Will take a decade.
10. Torpedoes by DRDO :
DRDO is currently engaged in developing multiple torpedo designs. These include a lightweight torpedo that has been accepted by the Navy and cleared for production.There are several number of torpedoes which are under Development phase.
- Advanced Light Torpedo Shyena(Under Development)
- NSTL Advanced Lightweight Torpedo
- NSTL varunastra heavy Weight Torpedo
- A Microprocessor controlled triple tube torpedo for the Indian Navy